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The First World War in the German Colonial Empire - Einzelansicht

Veranstaltungsart Übung Veranstaltungsnummer
SWS 2 Semester SoSe 2018
Einrichtung Historisches Institut   Sprache deutsch
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Belegungsfrist 03.04.2018 - 20.05.2018

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Übung Mi 08:00 bis 10:00 wöchentlich 11.04.2018 bis 18.07.2018    
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The First World War was mainly fought and without any doubt decided in Europe. However, the war also was fought in the colonial empires all over the world, thus turning the conflict into a full-fledged global war: Soon after the beginning of the hostilities in Europe, all German colonies in Africa, Asia, and Oceania became battlegrounds.
In the course, all relevant military operations in the German colonial empire from 1914 to 1918 are considered. However, while the Oceanian possessions of Germany fell within days, Togo after three weeks, and Kiautschou after two months, the fighting in German Southwest Africa, German Cameroon, and especially German East Africa took much longer.
There, in Sub-Saharan Africa, the First World War can be viewed as the final phase of the so called »Scramble for Africa«, the conquest and division of the African continent by the European colonial powers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It can further be viewed as an important step of emancipation of the Union of South Africa from the British Empire. In all African theatres, the German forces fought against overwhelmingly stronger British, French, South African, Indian, Belgian, and Portuguese forces. Thus, in all »Schutzgebieten«, the German military as well as civilian decision-makers had to choose between surrender and retreat into the hinterland to prolong the hostilities. The German forces in Togo capitulated in August 1914, Southwest Africa followed in July 1915, Cameroon in February 1916 – only in German East Africa, the fighting continued until the end of the war (and beyond). In Sub-Saharan Africa, there died hundreds of thousands of people as a direct or indirect result of to the military action. The majority of these dead were natives, some serving as soldiers and carriers, but most of them being non-combatants who were killed, died of war-related diseases, or starved to death.
The course focusses on German Southwest and German East Africa, which were the strategically most important and also bloodiest theatres of war in the German colonial empire from 1914 to 1918. The course concerns military history, colonial history, British imperial history, and African history, especially South African history. Relevant British and South African sources are discussed. The language of instruction is English. To pass the course, active participation and – depending on the number of attendees – at least one presentation is obligatory.
Literatur - Bührer, Tanja (2011): Die Kaiserliche Schutztruppe für Deutsch-Ostafrika. Koloniale Sicherheitspolitik und transkulturelle Kriegführung 1885 bis 1918. München: Oldenbourg (Beiträge zur Militärgeschichte, 70).
- Digre, Brian (2014): Occupation during and after the War (Africa). In: Daniel, Ute u. a. (Hrsg.): 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War. Berlin: Freie Universität Berlin. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15463/ie1418.10480.
- Mitchell, Stuart (2014): Jan Smuts, Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck and the Great War in German East Africa. In: Jonathan Krause (Hg.): The Greater War. Other Combatants and Other Fronts, 1914–1918. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan (Studies in Military and Strategic History), S. 101–122.
- Moyd, Michelle (2014): Extra-European Theatres of War. In: Daniel, Ute u. a. (Hrsg.): 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War. Berlin: Freie Universität Berlin. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15463/ie1418.10318.
- Strachan, Hew (2004): The First World War in Africa. Oxford: University Press.

Keine Einordnung ins Vorlesungsverzeichnis vorhanden. Veranstaltung ist aus dem Semester SoSe 2018 , Aktuelles Semester: SoSe 2024